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Beginners Guide for photography - 2020

Beginner Guide for Photography components

The most important task to become a better photographer is to learn about the basic photography components. The beginners photography guide will explain how a photograph is captured and to connect with your subject. The basic components of photography will be covered in this article.
If you are just starting out this article offers some insights you may find helpful to expand your knowledge.. This information will help to address technique, creativity and composition.
So let's dig in!

Will be covering technical and non
technical tips for beginners

Non technical tips for beginners

how to hold your camera as a beginner?

The answer is to hold your arms close to your body. It will stabilize your hands and minimizes camera shake. This method allows you to hand-held your camera for your photos remains sharp as possible.

change your perspective

One way to ensure an ordinary photo is to shot a subject straight from eye level. Everyone knows this position already, and we view the world from this viewpoint every day. It's ordinary, tired, dull when it comes to photographs, but perhaps there are exceptions to the rule.

There is a simple fix. Try different vantage points.

  • Change the height of your camera, get closer to the ground, shoot from above 
  • Change your angle, take a shoot from the side
  • Change your range, move your feet, walk closer or farther away.

think about how you feel when you looking at a scene

One thing that makes a great photo is its ability to communicate emotionAre you happy, sad, feeling sorrow or despair? These are completely normal feelings. How you portray it in an image is another thing—the best photos are not always just a pretty scene but an emotional connection to your viewers.

shoot often and practice

Practice improves. There's unquestionably no way around this. It doesn't matter how many videos you watch or articles you read. If you don't practice, you will not improve.

There are unquestionably limits to any camera, and it's reasonable to think you will outgrow what you have. Bear in mind that upgrading your gear will not make you a better photographer, but practice will.

It is not complicated talking about the three essential elements of photography individually. Still, when you try to put it in perspective out in the field, it is necessary to practice them. This brings us to the technical side of beginner photography.

technical tips for beginners

3 basic photography Components

The 3 most important and essential photography basic to learn as a beginner photographer are; Exposure (Shutter Speed), ISO and ApertureWhen you analyze photograph, these are the basic elements photographers use when capturing images. All three of these components play an important rule together. They work together in unison to create a dynamic and creatively captured photo that will attract interest of a viewer using this element.
Lets start with beginners guide for photography

Understanding Exposure

What is Exposure or in other words Shutter Speed?

Understanding shutter-speed is another essential photography basic element to learn as beginner photographer, explained in the basics of photography guide. Exposure is a built in component of a camera's shutter you should familiarized yourself as a beginner photographer. It depends on the speed of the shutter timing to open and close. When you take a photo the camera's shutter will open expose the sensor then closes.  It will do that a matter of variable speed according to your specific setting.

Example: If you shutter speed is set for 1/60 seconds, it means the shutter will open for a 60th of second to reveal the sensor to allow light in then closes. The longer the shutter is open the more light hits the sensor. So if the shutter is open 1/15 seconds it will allow more light in compare to 1/60 second. I know it may seem confusing that if the shutter speed number is less it will close faster. Think of it this way, how long will it takes you to count to 15 compare to 60. You get to 15 before you get the count to 60? Right?

What Are The Effects Of The Shutter Speed?

One of the crucial element is to learn in photography basic is the effect of the shutter speed. The first effect is the brightness or darkness of your image. Just Imagine, the longer the shutter is open the more light reaches the sensor. Therefore your image appears to be brighter.

Clarity preset Shutter speed

The second effect is sharpness or blurriness.  This is the reason why photographers are using a tripod. Using a slower shutter speed the camera needs to stabilized to avoid the unnecessary movement, otherwise the image will be blurry. If you need to shoot  hand-held without a tripod there is a rule of thumb can help you to achieve a sharp image. 

Your shutter speed should be at least 2x of the focal length of your lens. For an example let's assume you are zooming in for 200 mm then your shutter speed is recommended to be at 1/400s. The minimum shutter speed at 50 mm should be about 1/100s.
If you taking photos of a moving subject like a car in motion or a runner than you may want to choose a faster shutter speed in order to freeze the motion. Unlike in an example of shooting a waterfall to make the water blur so it seems the water cascading over like a light veil.

The difference between the two image below is the shutter speed. On the left with a faster shutter speed I was able to show the fast moving water. The image on the right was taken with a much slower shutter speed to create a a silky flowing water. However, in this case you may want to use a tripod to eliminate motion blur so the entire image is sharp.

Shutter Speed: 1/250 second

Warmer days Preset

Warmer days Preset

Shutter Speed: 1/5 second

Water Flow Preset

Water Flow Preset

Stops and Shutter speed

For example, by changing the shutter speed by 1 stop means you are doubling or halving the amount of light entering the camera. Actually you are changing how long the shutter stays open. The diagram below showing the stops most cameras can be changed. Of course there are more setting depending on your make and model.

Exposure-shutter speed

Exposure-shutter speed

Understanding Aperture or f/stop 

What is Aperture or f/stop?

Another photography basic component is the F/Stop or Aperture. This is also an important component to learn as a beginner photographer.
The aperture controls the brightness or darkness of an image. Aperture is the opening in a photography lens to allow the light to pass through the lens and capture it by the sensor. It is measured by f/stops. The larger the f/stop number, smaller the opening. The smaller the f/stop number lager the opening. The depth of field is the distance between the foreground and background.

The aperture also controls the depth of field (DOF), for the purpose of creating a sharp or blurry backgrounds. Some images with a "shallow" depth of field shows an out of focus, blurry background. Unlike, images with a "large" depth of field appear sharp from front all the way to the background.

Read more about understanding f/stop and when and how to use it here


Understanding ISO

What is ISO?
Finally, the third important photography component is understanding how ISO settings affect your photos' lightness or darkness.

In technical term, International Organization for Standardization = ISO
ISO sensitivity is a measure of the camera's capability to capture data of light reaching the sensor. Digital cameras convert the light that falls on the image sensor into electrical signals and processing the information. A higher ISO level indicates greater sensitivity to light. If you raise the ISO sensitivity level, you can choose faster shutter-speeds and decrease camera blur.


Read more about understanding ISO and when and how to use it.

The sun was slowly disappearing behind the trees in the example below, creating a darker cloudy effect. The higher ISO setting allowed me to capture more light and a sharper image having a faster shutter speed.

Check out the video below how to apply our Portrait Brush and Blur Lightroom Presets


Portrait - Warm Tone & Portrait - Blur effect Presets

Download FREE presets features in this post


Practice and practice; you cannot fail if you experiment!
The way you get better is to make mistakes!
The more photos you take, the more comfortable you realize where you made mistakes and how to correct it. Either way, you will be the winner at the end.

The more time you spend on taking photos, the more naturally you will imagine what it will like in a photograph. That’s the purpose of this – altering the image you see in your head and bringing out the sensations you sense, and translating it into a picture to make other people feel it.
Cameras could be complicated, so post-processing applications like Adobe Lightroom can elevate the creative side of photography.

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